Types of Flooring materials and their application in building & Construction

“...homeowners enjoy watching the home come together, from pouring the foundation to framing and watching the home take shape,” says Chip Perschino, senior vice-president of construction at Edward Andrews Home.

Designing the home of your choice can be challenging. If it isn’t right, it won’t feel like home. Choosing a flooring material is like that, too. You want something that suits your taste. But if you don’t know the different flooring types and the ideal place to install them, you will struggle to pick the right one for your home.

In this article, we’ll discuss the different flooring types and their applications. At the end of this article, we will tell you important things to consider when choosing the ideal flooring for your home.



Choosing a flooring depends on what you want. But it also depends on where you want it. Is it suitable for your kitchen? Or is it better in your bathrooms and toilets? Also, you’ll need to consider how durable the material is.

Below are different types of flooring materials popularly used in building construction.


1. Concrete

Concrete is the most commonly used flooring material in building construction. Concrete is both cheap and durable and is ideal for any type of construction. As a flooring material, concrete has the strength and durability of a highway. It doesn’t scratch or dent.

Concrete floors have several advantages. One of them is low maintenance. Wiping off stains and spills off of them is easy. A little sweeping and damping with a mop are all that’s needed to keep them clean. Also, concrete floors are available in different, beautiful designs. With a good surface treatment and few finishes, you can easily set up a luxurious finish.

Concrete floors are hard underfoot, which makes them uncomfortable. If you prefer a floor that’s soft to feel, then concrete is not for you.


2. Mud floors

Also known as adobe flooring, mud floors are made up of dirt, raw earth or other ground materials. Nowadays, they are composed of finely chopped straw, sand and clay.

Mud floors are commonly used in villages. Villagers often add stabilizers to mud to strengthen and increase its tensile strength.

Mud floors can’t handle friction and movement well; they wear off easily under these conditions. As a result, they’re unsuitable for commercial buildings. Nonetheless, they are ideal for residential buildings, particularly in rural areas since they’re cheap and don’t require skilled labour to install. But they’re also good for areas that have extreme temperature variations because they’re warm in winter and cold in summer.


3. Brick flooring

Brick floors are typically made up of bricks and are easy to construct and maintain. However, if poorly constructed, the surfaces of brick floors may end up rough, causing them to absorb and retain moisture easily. When this happens, overtime the flooring will be ruined. As a result, they aren’t ideal for residential or public buildings. Instead, they are generally suited for unimportant rooms, godowns and stores.

For a more appealing brick floor, the bricks should have a uniform size and the same colour.


4. Marble flooring

Marble is obtained from metamorphic rocks and is used to make beautiful floorings. Marble floorings are widely used in commercial buildings, including kitchens and bathrooms. They are durable, easy to clean and stain-proof, which is why it’s unsurprising that they’re commonly used in areas like bathrooms that need a lot of cleaning.

Marble is available in various designs and colours.


5. Glass flooring

Though expensive, glass floorings are generally beautiful. They are used in special applications like transmitting light from the upper floor to the lower floor. As tiles, they may be used in closely-spaced frames.

There’s a lot of misconceptions about glass floors. Some people think it’s not durable, can’t hold heavy furniture, and therefore it’s unsuitable for residential or commercial buildings. It’s not true! Glass can handle just as much weight as a wood floor. Premium glass floors can handle 400kg of weight for every square metre of the glazing. What matters is the type of glass to use and the amount of support provided for the glass panel. If you consider this, installing a glass floor in your home won’t be an issue.

There are several types of glass floors you can use for your home or office. Examples are toughened or tempered glass, laminated glass, sandblasted glass and anti-slip glass.

Toughened glass is ideal for residential homes. They are as strong and structurally secure as metal or wood floorings. Because of its massive strength and stability, toughened glass ensures lasting structural integrity.

Laminated glass, on the other hand, is the best glass flooring system in terms of safety. It has polyvinyl butyral (PVB) between two glass panes that helps boost the floor’s heat insulation capabilities.


Sandblasted glass is ideal for homeowners who love the unique beauty of glass floors but still prefer some privacy between the upper and lower room.

Lastly, anti-slip glass is suitable for floors and staircases because of its anti-slipping properties which provide enhanced safety against the risk of falling and slipping.


6. Ceramic floors

Ceramic floors are famous flooring materials, which are often used in kitchens and bathrooms. Ceramic tiles are also used in many homes in warm climates, particularly in living areas and bedrooms because of the great effects they add to these areas. You can install this elegant flooring in any room.

Unlike mud floors, ceramic can get cold quickly under cold conditions. They’re also hard underfoot, which can be uncomfortable for some persons. But this hardness makes cleaning the floor easy because dirt particles stand out against the surface.

Ceramic tiles can be difficult to install without professional help. Still, it’s one of the most affordable flooring materials money can buy (could cost as low as $5 per square foot).


7. Wood flooring material

Wooden floors are among the best types of flooring materials money can buy. Although they may not be as common as concrete or ceramic floorings, people love wooden floors. They are timeless and luxurious. Unlike ceramic or concrete, wood floors provide warmth in cold weather.

When choosing a wood floor for your home, you need to consider what it is made of. “Is it solid hardwood, softwood, engineered or laminate?” Each of these wood types has its advantages and disadvantages. For instance, solid hardwood lasts longer than softwood floors. They are amazing to walk on and you can style them endlessly. However, both wood types can’t handle water and will damage quickly in damp areas such as your kitchen, bathrooms, basements and mudrooms.


Some wood types like engineered wood are less sensitive to humidity or dampness, meaning you can install it in your kitchen, basement, even in your master bath. But bear in mind, engineered wood isn’t completely waterproof. If you want something like that, you’d have to go for laminate flooring. Laminate floorings are man-made. They aren’t made from real wood, rather they’re a mimic. However, they’re super-durable and don’t wear off easily.



While it’s good that you know the different types of flooring before settling for one, it is not enough. There are still a few things you need to consider before picking your ideal flooring material. The most crucial thing is the budget and cost. Can you buy it? Is it a flooring material that’s within your budget? Some floorings like concrete and ceramic are affordable compared to solid hardwood or glass.

Next, you need to think about the colour and texture of the flooring material. Do you want a material that can withstand traffic and still be easy to clean? Or is it something that has a soft feel under your feet?


You’ll also need to consider how long this material can last. Flooring materials like concrete can last a long time. Same with solid hardwood floors.

Appearance also matters. If you want this material installed inside your home, you need to consider whether it will make it look more appealing. If it doesn’t, then maybe it is better suited outside your home.


Lastly, is the material easy to maintain? This is something you must consider before choosing a flooring material. If it’s difficult to maintain, it means you’ll spend a lot of time and money keeping it clean.